Agronomy is most important branches of Agriculture. The Agronomy Definition | Basic Concepts-Scope and Principles of Agronomy are described as following-
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Agronomy, The term is derived from the Greek words “agros” meaning “Field” and “nomos” meaning “to manage.”
So, Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science which deals with principles and practices of soil, water and crop management.
In recent times, agronomy has assumed newer dimensions and can be defined as a branch of agricultural science that deals with methods which provide a favorable environment to the crop for higher productivity.
Norman (980) defined “Agronomy as the science of manipulating the crop environment complex with dual aims of improving agricultural productivity and gaining a degree of understanding of the process involved.”
Agronomy is considered as the mother or primary branch of agriculture. Like agriculture, it is nothing but an integrated and applied aspect of different disciplines of pure sciences. It has three distinct branches:
The central theme of agronomy is of soil-crop-environment relationship.
The core of agronomy is the field of crop plants with the theme of controlling the environment (micro climate). The nature of agronomy is based on soil-plant- environment relationship.
Agronomy thus denotes activities on the ground to raise outspread and noble crops to obtain massive yields.
Agronomic principles are the ways and means for the better management of soil, plant and environment for economically maximum returns per unit area for years.
The Basic Principles of agronomy may be listed below:
We have already known Agronomy Definition | Basic Concepts-Scope and Principles of Agronomy. Now I have share some Role of Agronomist on the bellow-
An Agronomist aims at obtaining maximum production at minimum costs. He makes best use of knowledge developed by basic and allied applied sciences for increased crop production. In a broad perspective, an agronomist is concerned with the production of food and fiber to meet the needs of the growing population. An agronomist undertakes research on scientific cultivation of crops taking into account the effects of factors like soil, climate and variety of crops and adjusts production techniques suitably depending on the situation. He is the key person with working knowledge of all disciplines and coordinator of different subject matter specialists.