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Anti-coccidian effect of almonds of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae) against Eimeria sp. of the dwarf goat – IJAAR

Emanfo Alex Stéphane Affian, Komoin-Oka Clarisse, Koné Mamidou Witabouna, Esmel Memel Elie

Laboratoire de Biologie et Cytologie Animale, UFR des Sciences de la Nature, Université Nangui Abrogoua, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Agence Nationale d’appui au Développement Rural, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Laboratoire Central Vétérinaire de Bingerville (LCVB), Bingerville, Côte d’Ivoire

Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Key words: Azadirachta indica, Coccidiosis, Eimeria, Dwarf goats, Côte d’Ivoire

Abstract

Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease responsible for significant economic losses in farms throughout the world. In order to contribute to the fight against this disease, this study aims to evaluate the effect of extracts of Azadirachta indica on coccidia encountered in the dwarf goat in Côte d’Ivoire. Thus, 16 dwarf goats from 4 to 8 months of age, naturally infected with coccidian Eimeria sp. were divided into 4 groups of 4 animals. The batches of animals were treated orally during four days. Each animal of the first batch has received, every day, a dose of 300 mg / kg of body weight of Hydro-ethanol extract of A. indica. The second batch has received the same dose of Hydro-ethanol extract of leaves of the same plant. The third batch of goat has received a single and daily dose of 150 mg / kg of body weight of a pharmaceutical anti-coccidian. The fourth batch has not received any treatment. The evaluation of the anti-coccidian activity was performed by coprological analysis, determining the percentage of weight gain and the appreciation of the health status of animals. The results showed that the goats treated with A. indica almond showed the best performance with an efficiency rate statistically similar to the pharmaceutical anti-coccidian. Also, the percentage of weight gain was positive and much higher than those of other batches. Further studies are needed to evaluate its persistence and toxicity in goats in order for prescription to breeders.

Get the original articles in Source: Anti-coccidian effect of almonds of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae) against Eimeria sp. of the dwarf goat

Journal Name: International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

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