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Biodiversity of lebak deling swamp in Pampangan, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, South Sumatera Province, Indonesia – JBES

Dina Muthmainnah, Zulkifli Dahlan

Research Institute for Inland Fisheries, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia

Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, University of Sriwijaya, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia

Key words: Biodiversity, Ecological characters, Lebak Deling Swamp, South Sumatra.

biodiversityAbstract

Investigation on biodiversity of Lebak Deling swamp in Pampangan, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, South Sumatra Province was carried out from March to September 2011, focused on evaluating the diversity of benthic organisms, planktons, aquatic plants, fish and other wild animals in the swamp ecosystem. Five sampling stations were selected within Lebak Deling swamp area, i.e., Lebak Sebubuk, Lebak Murti, Lebak Serdang, Lebak Purun, and Lubuk Deling. The results of this study showed that the Lebak Deling swamp was inhabited by nine species of benthic organism, 26 species of zooplankton, 16 species of phytoplankton, 23 species of aquatic plants, 30 species of fishes, three species of reptilians, nine species of birds and six species of mammals. Comparisons in diversity among sampling points were made based on Similarity Index. The analysis indicated that zooplankton and macrobenthic invertebrates had low similarity, while phytoplankton had high similarity. The results of this study confirm that the Lebak Deling swamp is still relatively natural; high diversity in Lebak Deling may be related to permanently submerged, high macrophytes covering and less human intervention.

Get the original articles in Source: Volume 6, Number 6, June 2015 – JBES

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