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Determinants of tree-planting in a semi-urban community in southwestern Nigeria

Olusegun .T Afolabi, Olufemi .O Aluko, Bolade. K Ojumu

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria

Key words: Tree, Tree planting, Deforestation, Tree felling, Land.


Plant-tree_Ruth_imagesbazaar-e1434620461804Without trees, human life would be unsustainable. Trees provide a wide range of products (timber, fruit, medicine, beverages, fodder and oils) and life-supporting services (carbon sequestration, erosion control, soil fertility, shade and beautification). However, our trees and forests are rapidly disappearing at an alarming rate with about 4 billion trees cut down annually and an inverse relationship to population growth. There is now an increasing need for renewal of our forest reserves, thereby necessitating sustenance through tree planting. This study set out to document the level of practice of tree planting in our community, the types of tree commonly planted ,purpose of planting such trees, and reason for not planting if any. This study employed a cross-sectional study design and was conducted at Ife central local government, Ile-Ife, Osun state. Respondents were selected with a multistage sampling technique and data collected with the use of interviewer administered questionnaires. Data were analysed at univariate and bivariate levels as appropriate. Land ownership was by 40% of respondents with 45% acquiring the land through family inheritance. Less than two-thirds (63%) had good knowledge of tree planting while only 45% had ever planted a tree. Trees that provide food or fruit were the most commonly planted (82%). Not owning a land was the major deterrent to planting a tree with marital status, occupation and land ownership significantly associated with tree planting (p<0.05). Provision of seedlings and review of land laws were ways the respondents felt Government could improve tree planting practice.

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