Lia Hapsari, Ahmad Masrum, Dewi Ayu Lestari
Purwodadi Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia
Key words: Banana, Diversity, Madura island, Musa spp., Purwodadi Botanic Garden.
Banana exploration study has been conducted in Madura Island covering areas of Bangkalan, Sampang, Pamekasan and Sumenep Districts. This paper presents the results of survey, inventory and diversity of bananas in Madura Island including its habitat aspects, agronomic practices and diseases problems. Results showed that banana plants are widely distributed in Madura Island, it grows wild in coastal line, road sides and river banks, or cultivated mostly by small scale farmers in backyards, drylands, intercropped with annual and/or perennial crops. It’s mostly cultivated subsistently with less consideration to cultivation practices for home consumptionor for local markets. Major diseases such as bunchy top and wilts have largely spread to the areas, with highest occurrences and intensities in Bangkalan and Pamekasan Districts. Spreads of leaf late blight disease were found sporadically in all areas; with Pamekasan District has the lowest disease intensity. About 37 recognizable banana cultivars with local Madurese names were known with any possible synonymies within the cultivars. It comprises of 15 dessert bananas, 17 cooking bananas and 5 dual purposess bananas. From this exploration, about 21 living banana specimens consist of 83 suckers were collected from the sites to be ex-situ conserved in Purwodadi Botanic Garden, Pasuruan.