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Headspacing GC-MS analysis of the components of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) collected from Isfahan Province, Iran

Leila Fahmideh, Ali Sargazi, Ahmad Reza Golparvar

Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran

Department of Agronomy and plant Breeding, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

Key words: Salvia officinalis L., Chemical constitutes, GC/MS.


Salvia officinalis L (2)Sage is common named (Salvia officinalis L.) belongs to Lamiaceae family. Use of the essential oils of Salvia genus in medical, culinary, food and cosmopolitic products and their biological activities depends on the chemical constitutes. Sage was used in ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman medicines. Ancient Egyptians used it as a fertility drug. The Greeks used it to stop bleeding of wounds and to clean ulcers and sores, towards hoarseness and cough, enhancing memory functions, for gargles to treat sore mouths and throats. Sage is well known for carminative, antispasmodic, antiseptic, astringent and antihidrotic properties.The aerial parts of (Salvia officinalis L.) were collected from the center of Iran, Province Isfahan in 2012.The essential oil was extracted by a Clevenger approach and analyzed using GC/MS. The thirty-one compounds were identified in Sage oil. The major components were camphor (17.75%), α-thujone (13.25%), α-pinene (6%), β–thujone (5.85%) and α-humulene (5.48%). Increasing amount of camphor and α-thujone has high genetic gain through selection the best among Isfahan population.

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