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Impact of the creation of a plantation of banana serves on the flora of Niagaramadougou in the north of Côte d’Ivoire

Kouassi Kouadio Henri, Kouassi Roland Hervé, Kouassi N’dri Jacob, N’Guessan Koffi

Université Jean Lorougnon Guede, UFR Agroforesterie; BP 150 Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

Ecole Normale Supérieure d’Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire), 08 BP 10 Abidjan 08, Département des

Sciences et Technologies, Section Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Côte d’Ivoire

Université Felix Houphouet Boigny UFR Biosciences, Laboratoire de Botanique 22 Bp 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire

Key words: Flora, Impact, Niakaramadougou, plantation, banana serves.


flora-1-940x612This work relates to the identification and the evaluation of the negative impacts and positive of the creation of banana plantations serves on the flora of the natural landscape near to the river Bandama, a locality of Niakaramadougou in the north of Côte d’Ivoire. It comprises, the analysis of eco-climatic imbalances related on creation, the exploitation and the end of the creation project of banana serves plantation on the flora of the perimeter of exploitation. Based on floristic inventories, the main aim was to characterize the impacts related to the activities of demolition, and maintenance of plantations of Banana trees on the flora of the localities targeted and to put forward measures of attenuation and/or corrective. The results show that the flora of the study is rich approximately 63 species of which 1 is with particular status. This flora is slightly diversified and its characteristics predict the risks of imbalances biological which can occur with short, average and long run in this locality. The flora knows a gradual degradation related to the former activities of exploitation. Many impacts with which the reduction of the diversity of the exploited woody species, the fragmentation of the forests and the rarefaction of some species in particular, the lianas were identified in this locality. The linked activities with the project have been be potential sources of negative impacts on the flora and have contributed to destroy it to a significant degree if the flora of this locality.

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