Sahar Khalili, Ali Akbar Jamali, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Abolfazl Morovvati
Department of Watershed MGT, Maybod Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maybod, Iran
Key words: Soil erosion model, runoff, Sediment yield, watershed.
Identifying and quantifying the runoff and Sediment yield are the necessary measures in the issues of soil erosion in a watershed. Pelasjan watershed located in West of Isfahan and it is one of the sub basins of Zayanderud which is taken as the study area. In this study the amount of runoff and Sediment yield has been evaluated using the Nonpoint-Source Pollution and Erosion Comparison Tools (N-SPECT) model which is an extension to ArcGIS software. The input layer maps in the GIS environment, including land use, the rain erosion, vegetation, soil erodibility, contour map and watershed boundary map were prepared. By entering the input data and running N-SPECT model, runoff and Sediment yield raster maps of the study area were obtained. To evaluate the model and data comparing, the values obtained from the model and the actual data values of runoff and Sediment yield were converted to the eigenvalues. Special amount of runoff from the model equals 1483 m3/ha/year and the actual runoff is equivalent to 1253 m3/ha/year for 21 water years ,from 1991 to 2012. From the values obtained by the model and the actual data it can be concluded that the model is sufficiently accurate for estimating runoff since the actual runoff value and the value obtained from the model are close to each other and statistically, there is no significant difference between them during this 21 water year. In relation to a Sediment yield, the amount obtained from the model was 7.8 ton/ha/year and the average amount of Sediment yield for 21 water years is 2.1 ton/ha/year, which by comparing with the values obtained for Sediment yield it can be concluded that the model overestimates about three times from the actual amount and there is a significant difference between the real data and data obtained by model so the model has not been very successful in Sediment yield estimating. One of the advantages of this model for estimating runoff and Sediment yield is point to point estimation of runoff and Sediment yield in output maps of the region. This model is particularly recommended for harsh and difficult access regions of the watershed.
Get the original articles: http://www.innspub.net/volume-6-number-4-april-2015-jbes/