Bita Khansarinejad, Mohammad Reza Hassandokht, Vahideh Nazeri
Biotechnology and Molecular Genetics of Horticultural Crops, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Physiology and Breeding of Vegetable Crops, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Plant Systematics, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Key words: Corm, Cluster analysis, Saffron, Correlation.
In this study, the relationship between 16 quantitative and qualitative characters of flowers, leaves and corms in 25 samples of two species of wild Crocus plant (Crocus. speciosus, Crocus. cancellatu( and Crocus. sativus was evaluated. Results of simple correlation indicated positive and negative significant correlations between some important characteristics. In factor analysis, four independent factors could justify a total of 79.93 % of the total variance and cluster analysis based on four factors showed that C. speciosus is fully isolated from C. cancellatus and C. sativus, while C. sativus was separated at a distance of 12 from two wild species, but at the distance of 20 is similar to C. cancellatus.
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