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Species diversity of bats in Mt. Matutum protected landscape, Philippines – (JBES)

Olga M. Nueza, Maria Luisa P. Non, Roderick C. Makiputin, Edna P. Oconer

Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Mathematics, Mindanao State University–Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, 9200, Philippines

Science Department, Mindanao State University, General Santos City, Philippines

Key words: Endemism, Fruit bats, Mindanao, Mist-netting, Pteropodidae.

Abstract

Bats are particularly the most diverse in tropical regions that play an important role in the ecosystem. To determine species diversity and endemism of bats, this study was conducted from August to December 2013 in six sampling sites in Mt. Matutum Protected Landscape. Mist nets were established at different elevations in disturbed and undisturbed habitats. Fifteen species belonging to four families were documented, representing 19% of the total Philippine bat species with 47% endemism. Only one vulnerable species Megaerops wetmorei was documented. Species diversity was higher in sampling sites which are relatively undisturbed. Fruit bats were the dominant group where the widespread Cynopterus brachyotis was the most abundant. Kruskal-Wallis test revealed significant differences between species diversity in disturbed and undisturbed sites while no significant difference in species evenness was observed. The presence of endemic and vulnerable species indicates the need to strengthen conservation initiatives in Mt. Matutum.

Get the original articles in Source: Volume 6, Number 6, June 2015 – JBES

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