Department of Law Science, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Key words: Cloning, Jurisprudence, The Shi’ite, Religion, Genetics.
One of the most wonderful technologies in genetics is cloning, especially its human reproductive type. The most ethical arguments of its opponents are the breach of human dignity, and the most important reason for its accordant is to help the infertile couples. There is a consensus on disavowing this phenomenon in Islam particularly in Sunnite. The major reasons for the objection of Sunny jurisprudents include the change in the creation, disavowing God, The breach of conjugal tradition, etc. There is no consensus, however, in Shi’ite in this regard. The Shia scholars view it from four viewpoints including absolute authorization (cloning is absolutely allowed according to the “Ibaha (permissibility)” principle), limited permission (it is unlawful at a large scale), secondary prohibition (cloning is permissible by first rule, but is unlawful because of its corruptions according to the secondary rule) and the prior prohibition (this technology is absolutely unlawful).
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