Timbilfou Kiendrebeogo, Mopate Logtene Youssouf et Kabore-Zoungrana Chantal- Yvette
The Environment and Agricultural Researches Institute(EARI), Departement of the Animal Production(DAP), Farakoba Station, 01 BP 910 Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) 01, Ethiopia
The Zootehnical and Veterinary Researches Labolatory (ZVRL), Farcha, B.P. 433, N’Djaména, Tchad. Researcher associate to the LNRSRES of the Polytechnical University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Ethiopia
The Laboratory of the Natural Resources Studies and Researches and the Environment Sciences (LNRSRES), The Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso (PUB), 01B.P.1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01 Burkina Faso, Ethiopia
Key words: Typology, breeding systems, pig breeding, Burkina Faso.
The study aimed to establish a typology of the pig breeding (breeding systems) of Burkina Faso. The analysis of data of a retrospective and transversal survey in 2008 done in 903 breedings in the towns of Bobo-Dioulasso, Dori, Gaoua and Kaya has allowed to indentify 3 types. A type A (1.77% of the total breedings), known as intensive is Characterized by an high investment, a pig flock of 107 heads, 01 paid employee, an average sale of 70 pigs/ year. The pigs which were in Permanent Close (PC) were very well fed and treated. The type B, known as semiintensive was noticed in all the towns. The investment, the flock (14 heads) and the paid employees (0.37 as the average) were less important than in the type A. The pigs were in Permanent Close (in rainy season) and in Partial Close (in dry season). This type has sold fewer pigs than the type A. The type C known as extensive, observed in all the towns was the most frequent with an investment and a paid employee extremely low (0.01) of breeding without accommodations. The partial close even the ramblings were the way of keeping. This type has sold more pigs but got less takings than B. The feeding constraint was the most crucial in all the types of breeding. The reusing of the production waste and its transformation could be an alternative to cope with this constraint.
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