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Valuation of Synedrella nodifloraleaves in rabbit feeding as feed supplement: impact on reproductive performance

Koutinhouin G. Benoît, Tougan Polycarpe Ulbad, KpodékonT. Marc, Boko K. Cyrille, Goudjihounde Martin, Aoulou Abel, Thewis André

Department of Animal Production and Health, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin

Animal Sciences Unit, Gembloux Agro Bio Tech, University of Liege,Passage des Deportes, 2-5030, Gembloux, Belgium

Key words: Benin, growth, rabbit does, reproductive performance, Synedrellanodiflora.


Synedrella_nodiflora_AT_05509_1528_635c0fThe current study aims to evaluate the effect of Synedrellanodiflora leaves used as feed supplement in the diet of rabbits on their reproductive performances. Then, 96 rabbits (80 primiparous females and 16 males)of Common breed were divided into 4 lots and subjected to different dietary treatments. In lot1, only the female rabbits had received Synedrellanodiflora leaves. In lot 2, both males and females were all fed with Synedrellanodiflora. In lot 3, only the males were fed Synedrellanodiflora, while in lot 4 (control group) neither males nor females were fed with Synedrellanodiflora. It appears that the highest litter size (P˂0.001) was recorded in lot 1 and lot 2. At weaning, the highest litter size was recorded in lot 2 (P˂0.001). The live weight at 25 and 35 days old in kits of lots 3 and lot 4 were higher than those recorded in lots 1 and 2 (P˂0.001). The fertility rateof lot 3 was 100% to 80%, 89% and 70% respectively for lot 1, 2 and 4 (P˂0.001). The kidding rate was 100% in lots 1, 2 and 4 to 88% in lot 3. Similarly, the highest stillbirth rate was recorded in lot 3 (P˂0.001). Synedrellanodifloraleaveshad reduced the mortality rate from the birth to the weaning from 14% to 3.4% with the highest rate observed in the control group (P˂0.001).Overall, Synedrellanodiflora leaves using as feed supplement in rabbits improves fertility rate and litter size, and reduces significantly the mortality rate from birth to weaning.

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